Personal Injury Lawyers
Personal injury lawyers represent people who have been hurt. They represent their clients in the civil law system, such as the US' tort law system. Personal injury lawyers are different from criminal prosecutors and lawyers, because they do not defend their clients against wrongdoing. In most places, people can bring a lawsuit against someone that they believe has caused them injury. For instance, in the US, a person hurt by actions either intentional or negligent can sue under the tort law system. Most other countries have similar systems in place that allow people to recover damages when they are hurt.
Civil and tort law systems are intended to bring the injured party back to the position they would be in if the injury never happened. That means that if someone is hurt and incurs medical bills, pain, suffering and other damages, they can sue the person that caused the injury. Sometimes, punitive damages are awarded if the person who caused the injury did so in a negligent manner.
When a victim decides to sue the person who hurt them, they need to hire a personal injury lawyer. The lawyer's job is to file the requisite papers with the local court to begin the lawsuit. The two parties can either settle the case out of court, like many personal injury cases, or they can take it to trial. A personal injury lawyer helps the plaintiff prove their case, which can be based on intentional or negligent wrong. For example, a person can sue someone who behaved irresponsibly and then injured them, or they can sue a person who hurts them on purpose.
In most jurisdictions, personal injury lawyers charge their clients on a contingency fee basis. This system is quite common in the US and Canada, as well as in several European countries. When a lawyer works on a contingency fee basis, they get paid a portion of the settlement if they prevail. Personal injury lawyers typically represent clients who have been hurt in car accidents, due to medical malpractice, or from an assault or a slip & fall injury. There are a lot of other times when a person could be represented by a personal injury lawyer; any civil wrongdoing can be litigated by them.